Hearing sounds is crucial for learning language, reading, and using intellect. Problems with hearing are a congenital disability for some infants. In Canada, hearing loss is more common than any other congenital (existing at birth) condition. It is the most prevalent problem found during newborn screenings. In this post we discused about All About Your Baby Hearing.
Approximately 3 out of every 1000 infants are extremely deaf at birth. In addition, 3% of the population has severe hearing loss. Deaf or hard-of-hearing children are likelier to be born to hearing parents than children without hearing loss. Some infants with perfect hearing at birth will eventually struggle with debilitating hearing loss.
How do doctors determine if someone has hearing loss?
Possible early hearing loss detection methods include a few different tests. Otoacoustic emission (OAE) testing is the most often utilised method (the first used for newborn hearing screening programs). Your baby will have a tiny microphone implanted in its ear by a specialist, who will transmit sounds to it. A mobile device receives the returned echo. The computer can determine if the infant heard the noise. An infant’s hearing can be checked in as little as 10 to 15 minutes, either before you take your baby home from the hospital or later at a special screening centre.
All babies should have their hearing checked, as per the advice of the Canadian Paediatric Society. All babies in Canada are put through hearing tests right after delivery, thanks to the widespread availability of universal newborn hearing screening programmes across the country. Those who have newborns who test positive for hearing loss should have their children undergo a comprehensive hearing test.
What symptoms could you expect to see when a child has a hearing problem?
The symptoms of hearing loss can be difficult to spot if they aren’t screened for from birth or otherwise evaluated. There are instances when you would assume a baby or young child can hear you clearly, but in reality, they are just using their other senses to take in what’s going on in their environment. Alternatively, they may develop the ability to read your lips independently with time.
See your doctor as soon as possible and get a hearing test if you are concerned about or suspect a hearing problem or if you see any of the indicators listed below.
Newborns and toddlers
Get your kid checked out if he or she:
Didn’t have a neonatal hearing screening and didn’t bother to get a test later.
Stops making noises (typically about 12 months of age, when parents start noticing it).
Do not respond to or even notice loud noises in the home (such as a doorbell, telephone, or dog barking).
Fails to show any interest in sounds by the age of 3–4 months and shows no interest in spoken words by 9 months.
Has a history of recurrent ear infections or ear drainage.
Fails to produce even a single word by the age of 12 months.
Cannot comprehend even the simplest of commands unless the speaker is directly in front of them (e.g., “Go get your shoes”).
Begins talking after the customary delay. Read our guide to learn more about the first four years of a child’s life.
Sends a clear message.
Children of preschool and school age
Get your kid checked out if he or she:
Begins talking after the regular starting time or is hard to comprehend.
Requires constant reiteration of information.
This causes people to be disturbed by their excessively loud talking or use of electronic devices.
It is hard to do even the simplest things, like “Go brush your teeth and then wash your face.”
when in a group or with a lot of background noise (like at a daycare or school), it can appear as though they are not paying attention.
Encounters difficulties in the classroom (vision should also be checked).
is more prone to tantrums than average for kids their age
It is important to remember that it may be challenging to notice the early warning indications of hearing loss and that these symptoms may even worsen after birth. It could be months or even years before you notice them due to your hearing loss. Even if they can only hear a bit, young children are experts at compensating for their deficiencies.
Is there a difference in how children with hearing loss grow up compared to typical youngsters?
The sooner the issue is caught, the better. Late-diagnosed children, especially those diagnosed after age 2, may experience difficulties with language, speech, and reading throughout their lives. Your child’s language development may be less disrupted if the hearing loss does not start until later in life, especially after he or she has begun to talk.
The ability to read and write well is directly related to academic achievement. Also, the brain regions responsible for hearing and communicating are associated with reading. Kids’ hearing is crucial to their development of language. Young people exposed to language at a young age are more likely to succeed in school.
Speech and language development in the brain depends heavily on the first few months of life. The earlier a child develops linguistic skills, the more advanced they will be. If a child is deaf, early detection and appropriate intervention can allow them to catch up to their hearing peers in terms of development.
Can you tell me what to do if you suspect your infant has hearing loss?
Talk to your child’s paediatrician if you have concerns about your child’s hearing, language, or development. Your doctor may not be able to make a definitive diagnosis of hearing loss during an office visit, but they may be able to send you to a facility where your child’s hearing can be tested.
Your child will have an easier time getting the aid he or she needs with communicating and learning if a hearing condition is identified and treated as soon as possible.
If my infant has been diagnosed with a hearing deficit, what options do I have for care?
Even profoundly deaf children can now hear and communicate thanks to innovations like digital hearing aids and cochlear implants. These days, hearing aids can be put in even the tiniest of babies’ ears. More and more newborns are getting cochlear implants, and experts agree that doing so before the first birthday is best.
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